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Communicable Diseases


Reportable Disease Notifications

Physicians, hospitals, and laboratories report communicable diseases as required by 902 KAR 2:020 to the Epidemiology unit of the health department. Qualified health department staff persons provide investigation of the cases and report the communicable diseases to the state office which reports to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Medical Providers, hospitals, or laboratories who are reporting a communicable disease can download and fill out the Kentucky Reportable Disease (EPID 200) Form .


Staff can be reached for reporting or for consultation using the information below:

During Operating Hours:

Phone: 606-878-7754

Fax: 606-864-5187

After Hours:

Kentucky Department for Public Health , Division of Epidemiology and Health Planning

Phone: 1-888-973-7678

or 1-502-564-3418

Fax: 1-502-696-3803



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Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis is a disease caused by tiny germs that are put into the air when a person who is sick with TB disease cougs, laughs, sings, or sneezes. Anyone nearby can breathe in these TB germs and get TB infection.


TB will usually affect the lungs of the infected individual, but it can also sometimes affect other parts of the body.

When TB is left untreated, the TB infection can turn into TB disease. TB disease can make you very sick.


What can you do?

1. Get a TB skin test at your healthcare provider or your local health department. The skin test allows the doctor to know if you have ever had TB germs in your body. You may be asked a series of questions for screening purposes before given a TB skin test. If your screening questions show that you have not been at risk for TB infection, you may not actually receive the skin test. You will however, receive the completed screening form in case your employer requires a copy to have in your employee file.


2. Return to the office or clinic in 2 to 3 days (48-72 hours) if you received a TB skin test. This is so the health care provider can read your TB skin test.


3. If you have TB infection or TB disease, you will need to take TB medicine as your health care provider says.


For more information on Tuberculosis (TB), click CDC's Tuberculosis (TB) Webpage

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The virus is found in the blood of persons who have this diease and is spread by contact with infected blood.


What increases my risk for Hepatitis C infection?

Having a blood transfusion or organ transplant before July 1992

Having been treated for clotting problems with a blood product made before 1987

Having ever been on long-term kidney dialysis

Having ever injected street drugs, even once many years ago

If you are a healthcare worker exposed to blood in the workplace through accidental needlestick injuries.

Having been a baby born to infected mothers

Hepatitis C can also be spread by sexual intercourse, but this does not occur very often.


Hepatitis C is not spread by:

Sharing eating utensils or drinking glasses
Casual contact
Food or water
Hugging or kissing


For more information on Hepatitis, visit CDC's Hepatitis Webpage


Contact the Laurel County Health Department if you have questions about these or other communicable diseases.